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EMMA makes available copies of official statements, preliminary official statements
and advance refunding documents submitted to the MSRB by broker-dealers and banks
that underwrite new issues of municipal securities. In addition, EMMA makes available
copies of continuing disclosure documents submitted to the MSRB by municipal issuers
and other obligors on municipal securities. In general, such documents are created
by such municipal issuers with the assistance of a number of other parties.
EMMA makes available a number of different types of data, including securities identifying
information, trade prices, interest rates, market statistics, and credit ratings.
The data elements displayed on EMMA are obtained from various sources, as described
For virtually every municipal security found on EMMA, the following data elements
are provided, to the extent applicable: issuer name, security description, CUSIP
number, dated date, maturity date, interest rate, principal amount and initial offering
price, among other data elements. Portions of this data are provided by broker-dealers
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For some securities, some or all of the securities-specific information made available
on EMMA is derived from Standard & Poor’s SECURITIES
DATAMANAGER. Such information is provided on EMMA solely for the purpose
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Trade Price And Interest Rate Information
Broker-dealers and banks that trade municipal securities are required to submit
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information about each trade, including the price at which such trade was effected.
In addition, broker-dealers and banks that serve as program dealers for municipal
auction rate securities or as remarketing agents for municipal variable rate demand
obligations are required to submit to the MSRB, through its Short-term Obligation
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including the interest rate set for the next rate period. This price and rate information
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The MSRB’s research unit uses the data obtained from broker-dealers and banks through
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elements from SECURITIES DATAMANAGER, to derive statistics with respect to trading
in the municipal securities market for display on EMMA.
MSRB’s EMMA website displays ratings for municipal securities currently assigned by Fitch Ratings, Kroll Bond Rating Agency, Inc., Moody’s (as defined
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NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INDEPENDENTLY VERIFYING THE ACCURACY OR TIMELINESS OF THE RATINGS INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE RATING AGENCIES THROUGH THEIR DATA
FEEDS. THE EMMA WEBSITE DISPLAYS ONLY THE CURRENT RATINGS INFORMATION FOR ANY SECURITY AND DOES NOT DISPLAY HISTORICAL RATINGS INFORMATION. Thus, if the
rating for a municipal security has been changed by a rating agency, the prior rating will no longer be accessible through the EMMA website. At times,
rating agencies may take rating actions that are not immediately included in the data feeds but may instead be released initially through other means,
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Kroll Bond Rating Agency, Inc.
2015, Kroll Bond Rating Agency, Inc., and/or its licensors and affiliates (together, "KBRA"). All rights reserved.
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Moody’s Corporation, Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., Moody’s Analytics, Inc. and/or their licensors and affiliates (collectively, “MOODY’S”). All rights
CREDIT RATINGS ISSUED BY MOODY'S INVESTORS SERVICE, INC. AND ITS RATINGS AFFILIATES (“MIS”) ARE MOODY’S CURRENT OPINIONS OF THE RELATIVE FUTURE CREDIT
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OF DEFAULT. CREDIT RATINGS DO NOT ADDRESS ANY OTHER RISK, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO: LIQUIDITY RISK, MARKET VALUE RISK, OR PRICE VOLATILITY. CREDIT
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CARE, MAKE ITS OWN STUDY AND EVALUATION OF EACH SECURITY THAT IS UNDER CONSIDERATION FOR PURCHASE, HOLDING, OR SALE.
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is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or validate information received in the rating process or in preparing the Moody’s
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representatives, licensors or suppliers is advised in advance of the possibility of such losses or damages, including but not limited to: (a) any loss
of present or prospective profits or (b) any loss or damage arising where the relevant financial instrument is not the subject of a particular credit
rating assigned by MOODY’S.
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Inc. have, prior to assignment of any rating, agreed to pay to Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. for appraisal and rating services rendered by it fees ranging
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and have also publicly reported to the SEC an ownership interest in MCO of more than 5%, is posted annually at www.moodys.com under the heading “Investor
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meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001. By continuing to access MOODY’s information displayed on the Website from within Australia, you
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you represent will directly or indirectly disseminate this information or its contents to “retail clients” within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations
Act 2001. MOODY’S credit rating is an opinion as to the creditworthiness of a debt obligation of the issuer, not on the equity securities of the issuer
or any form of security that is available to retail clients. It would be dangerous for “retail clients” to make any investment decision based on MOODY’S
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For Japan only: Moody's Japan K.K. (“MJKK”) is a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of Moody's Group Japan G.K., which is wholly-owned by Moody’s
Overseas Holdings Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of MCO. Moody’s SF Japan K.K. (“MSFJ”) is a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of MJKK. MSFJ
is not a Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization (“NRSRO”). Therefore, credit ratings assigned by MSFJ are Non-NRSRO Credit Ratings. Non-NRSRO
Credit Ratings are assigned by an entity that is not a NRSRO and, consequently, the rated obligation will not qualify for certain types of treatment under
U.S. laws. MJKK and MSFJ are credit rating agencies registered with the Japan Financial Services Agency and their registration numbers are FSA Commissioner
(Ratings) No. 2 and 3 respectively.
MJKK or MSFJ (as applicable) hereby disclose that most issuers of debt securities (including corporate and municipal bonds, debentures, notes and commercial
paper) and preferred stock rated by MJKK or MSFJ (as applicable) have, prior to assignment of any rating, agreed to pay to MJKK or MSFJ (as applicable)
for appraisal and rating services rendered by it fees ranging from JPY200,000 to approximately JPY350,000,000
MJKK and MSFJ also maintain policies and procedures to address Japanese regulatory requirements.
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